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Understanding Juvenile Justice
|Flow chart courtesy of Oklahoma Institute for Child Advocacy|
|Glossary of Terms frequently used in Juvenile Justice - For a full list of terms, click here|
Adjudication – The process of rendering a judicial decision as to whether the facts alleged in a Petition or other pleading are true.
Adjudicatory Hearing – the court proceeding in which it is determined whether the allegations of the Petition are supported by legally-admissible evidence.
Advocate Defender – a representative of a youth in matters involving deprivation of liberty. He or she aids in the resolution of grievances and allegations of mistreatment of the youth.
Alternatives to secure detention - those services and facilities which are included in the State Plan for the Establishment of Juvenile Detention Services adopted by the Board of Juvenile Affairs and which are used for the temporary detention of juveniles in lieu of secure detention in a juvenile detention facility.
Arraignment – A hearing in which a youth appears in court to answer to the allegations of the petition.
At Risk - a juvenile alleged to be delinquent or in need of supervision and that without the intervention of OJA, the juvenile would likely or in all probability come into the custody of or under the supervision of OJA.
AWOL – absent without leave
Bench Trial – trial by judge.
Bench Warrant – warrant issued from the bench; normally for failure to appear.
Berry House - Oklahoma County Juvenile Detention
Bridge Hearing – a hearing to transfer custody of a juvenile to the Department of Corrections (DOC) when he or she is found to have:
Case Plan - the comprehensive plan for the juvenile and family which includes the:
Community-based - a facility, program or service, or group home or other suitable place preferably located near the home or family of the juvenile, and programs of community supervision and service which maintain community participation in their planning, operation, and evaluation. These programs may include but are not limited to medical, educational, vocational, social, and psychological guidance, training, counseling, alcoholism treatment, drug treatment, diversion programs for first-time offenders, transitional living, independent living and other rehabilitative services.
Court supervision – Court-ordered services provided to the juvenile is adjudicated In Need of Supervision or a Youthful Offender placed under OJA supervision and placed on court supervision.
Deferred Adjudication - The court has determined to withhold formal adjudication.
Detention Hearing – This is a judicial hearing held no more than twenty-four (24) hours after the juvenile has been admitted into the custody of the detention center. The hearing determines the interim custody of a juvenile pending a Petition being filed.
Graduated sanctions programs - consists of a choice of immediate sanctions to be applied in response to a juvenile's negative or illegal behavior.
Independent living program - a program designed to assist a juvenile to enhance skills and abilities necessary for successful adult living and may include but shall not be limited to minimal direct staff supervision and supportive services in making the arrangements necessary for an appropriate place of residence, completing an education, vocational training, obtaining employment or other similar services.
Individual Treatment and Service Plan (ITSP) - a detailed comprehensive plan of action to be followed by the juvenile and family. shall include a list of services, with projected completion dates, provided to the juvenile to remedy or alleviate conditions that led to adjudication, including at a minimum:
OJA – the Office of Juvenile Affairs
Petition – A pleading filed to initiate a matter in juvenile court, setting forth the alleged grounds for a court to assume jurisdiction and hear the case.