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Human Trafficking


What is human trafficking?

Human trafficking is the exploitation of vulnerable people (through force, fraud, or coercion) for forced labor, domestic servitude, or commercial sex operations.


What is the difference between human smuggling and human trafficking?

Human smuggling is movement of a person (typically across an international border) where there is an agreement between the smuggler and the person being smuggled. When the person reaches their destination, the person being smuggled is free. 

Human trafficking is the non-consensual exploitation of vulnerable people (through force, fraud, or coercion) for forced labor, domestic servitude, or commercial sex operations.


What should I do if I suspect someone is the victim of human trafficking?

Never put yourself in harm's way by trying to investigate a crime; however, if you are speaking to someone who you suspect is the victim of human trafficking, you may ask:

1. Why type of work do you do?

2. Are you being paid?

3. Can you leave your job if you want to?

4. Have you or your family been threatened?

5. Where do you sleep?

6. Are there locks on your doors or windows so you cannot leave?

7. Has your documentation (visa, passport, identification) been taken from you?


Who should I call if I suspect someone is the victim of human trafficking?

If you think someone's life or safety is in immediate danger, then call 911. If you suspect someone is the victim of human trafficking, then please contact the OBN Human Trafficking Hotline at (855) 617-2288.


Additional Resources

 Blue Campaign, Department of Homeland Security 

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: When is human trafficking awareness month?
A: January is human trafficking awareness month.