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Medical Response Systems

Metropolitan Medical Response Systems (MMRS) 

The MMRS Program was created in 1996, in response to the Tokyo mass transit Sarin gas attack by Aum Shinrikyo and the domestic terrorist bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Building in Oklahoma City, both having occurred in 1995.

The MMRS programs assist the Oklahoma City and Tulsa areas to develop plans, conduct training and exercises and acquire pharmaceuticals and personal protective equipment to achieve the enhanced capability necessary to respond to a mass casualty event. This assistance supports the jurisdictions' activities to increase their response capabilities during the first hours crucial to lifesaving and population protection, with their own resources, until significant external assistance can arrive.

Gaining these capabilities also increases the preparedness of the jurisdictions for a mass casualty event caused by an incident involving hazardous materials, an epidemic disease outbreak or a natural disaster. MMRS fosters an integrated, coordinated all-hazards approach to medical response planning and operations, as well as medical incident management at the local level.


Regional Medical Response Systems (RMRS) 

In 2005, Oklahoma created an innovative program to reflect the beneficial MMRS qualities in a rural setting.  A pilot test was conducted in Oklahoma's Homeland Security Region (HSR) 3.  Great collaboration with the new RMRS and hospital systems emerged making it a valuable resource in preparedness and response efforts.

Since that time, the Oklahoma State Department of Health (OSDH) has established this model in the remainder of the state.


Medical Emergency Response Centers (MERC)

Each Medical Response System has created either a virtual or physical emergency operations center called the Medical Emergency Response Center.  The MERC is designed to coordinate a public health or medical emergency in their region for hospitals and emergency medical services.   Each MERC is outfitted to handle incoming communications and track response information as well as coordinate medical resources.  In a state declared emergency, the MERCs report health and medical information back to local public health personnel and the OSDH Situation Room.  


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