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The Technical Assistance Guide: Assistive Technology for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities IDEA Part C is designed to guide parents, families, and service providers in Oklahoma who have or serve infants and toddlers with developmental delays or disabilities. This document provides information and resources related to assistive technology devices and services for children birth to three years of age with disabilities as required by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
The document contains information and resources related to all components of the assistive technology service delivery process to include:
Assistive technology is a critical early intervention service authorized under Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) for children with disabilities birth to three years of age. Oklahoma SoonerStart Early Intervention builds upon and provides supports and resources to assist family members and caregivers to enhance children’s learning and development through everyday learning opportunities.
Assistive technology (AT) is technology used by individuals with disabilities in order to perform functions that might otherwise be difficult or impossible. Examples include walkers, positioning supports, switches that activate appliances or toys, and speech-generating devices to name a few.
Assistive technology devices fall into one of the following categories:
The IFSP team must include but is not limited to:
All infants or toddlers with disabilities are not required to receive AT devices and services. The need for AT devices and services must be determined on an individual basis by the IFSP team. The IFSP team must consider all services that are necessary for the child to achieve his/her outcomes and to allow participation in daily activities and routines in the natural environment including AT devices and services.
The following are important to note as teams are completing the assessment process:
The following are techniques team members may utilize when gathering information:
Based on gathered information, a list of AT tools to be trialed by the child is generated by the team. To prepare for the trial, the IFSP team should:
Note: The Oklahoma Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (www.library.state.ok.us) and Oklahoma ABLE Tech (http://okabletech.okstate.edu) are great resources for getting devices to trial.
The IFSP team will need to:
If more than one device meets the same need, the team may need to consider additional questions to select the best device:
Once the team has collected data on AT device trials, members should be able to make recommendations about specific AT device features, strategies, and/or services that should be included in the IFSP. This is critical as sometimes the IFSP is the only information trail following the child from one place to another.
Providing AT - Depending on the type of AT required, there are many funding sources available to the child including Medicaid, private insurances, and other private sources. When funding is not available, SoonerStart is the payor of last resort and may not unnecessarily delay the provision of AT devices and services due to funding issues if a child requires such services to benefit from the IFSP. To obtain recommended AT devices:
Implementing AT - The following areas should be noted when evaluating how well the AT is being implemented:
Note: View the Oklahoma Funding for AT Manual online (http://okabletech.okstate.edu/Publications) for public and private sources of funding.
Assistive technology can play an integral role in the early childhood transition process. For a child transitioning into the school system with an IFSP, the team would have previously considered the AT needs of the child as required for him/her to benefit from daily routines in their natural environment and/or to achieve outcomes on the IFSP. At least 90 days before the child turns three, but no sooner than 27 months of age, the team members working with the child and his/her family are required to meet with the local education agency (LEA) to discuss the upcoming transition.
Collaborates with the SoonerStart Early Intervention Program to provide assistive technology in the form of assessment kits. The kits are used for device demonstration for infants and toddlers with disabilities and developmental delays to help increase awareness and access to AT that will provide families with tools needed to support their children’s development.
Phone: (800) 257-1705 or (405) 744-9748
Located at the Oklahoma Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, the AIM Center provides AT as it relates to reading books in accessible digital and audio formats.
Phone: (800) 523-0288 or (405) 521-3514
Contracts with Oklahoma ABLE Tech to provide an Assistive Technology and Information Services Program for Oklahoma public schools.
Phone: (405) 522-3248
Contracts with the Oklahoma State Department of Education to administer the special education due process hearing system for the State of Oklahoma. SERC provides IEP facilitation, mediation, due process hearings, and stakeholder training.
Phone: (888) 267-0028 or (918) 270-1849
Partners with the Oklahoma State Department of Education to provide SoonerStart Early Intervention services to infants and toddlers with disabilities in Oklahoma.
Phone: (405) 271-5600
Provides a wide range of assistance programs to help Oklahomans in need including persons with developmental disabilities. OKDHS also handles applications and eligibility for SoonerCare, the state’s Medicaid program offering healthcare to families with low income.
Phone: (405) 521-3546
Provides healthcare services for several groups including children and individuals who are blind or who have disabilities. Services include, but are not limited to, the provision of AT as durable medical equipment.
Phone: (405) 522-7300