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The Technical Assistance Guide Assistive Technology for Children and Youth with Disabilities IDEA Part B is designed to assist Oklahoma Local Education Agencies (LEAs) and IEP teams in providing assistive technology (AT) devices and services to students with disabilities as required by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
The guide contains information and resources related to all components of the assistive technology service delivery process to include:
The federal regulations for implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) define assistive technology (AT) devices and services (see below). Assistive technology is technology used by individuals with disabilities in order to perform functions that might otherwise be difficult or impossible.
IDEA requires Individualized Education Program (IEP) teams to consider the assistive technology needs of students during the development, review, and revision of an IEP. IDEA also requires schools to provide AT if it is needed for a student to receive a free appropriate public education (FAPE). FAPE can include a variety of services such as special education, related services, supplementary aids and services, program modifications or support for school personnel. AT, just like all other components of FAPE, must be provided at no cost to parents. Local Education Agencies (LEAs) must provide or pay for any AT necessary to ensure FAPE, either directly or through contract or other arrangements. The schools may not unnecessarily delay the provision of AT devices and services due to funding issues if a child requires the devices and services to benefit from the IEP.
34 CFR §300.5 Assistive Technology Device
“Assistive technology device means any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of a child with a disability. The term does not include a medical device that is surgically implanted, or the replacement of such device.”
34 CFR §300.6 Assistive Technology Service
“Assistive technology service means any service that directly assists a child with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device. The term includes:
(a) The evaluation of the needs of a child with a disability, including a functional evaluation of the child in the child’s customary environment;
(b) Purchasing, leasing, or otherwise providing for the acquisition of assistive technology devices by children with disabilities;
(c) Selecting, designing, fitting, customizing, adapting, applying, maintaining, repairing, or replacing assistive technology devices;
(d) Coordinating and using other therapies, interventions, or services with assistive technology devices, such as those associated with existing education and rehabilitation plans and programs;
(e) Training or technical assistance for a child with a disability or, if appropriate, that child’s family; and,
(f) Training or technical assistance for professionals (including individuals providing education or rehabilitation services), employers, or other individuals who provide services to, employ, or are otherwise substantially involved in the major life functions of that child.”
When determining the assistive technology needs of a student with a disability, it is important for LEA teams to provide high-quality, assistive technology services. The Quality Indicators for Assistive Technology (QIAT) were developed by focus groups, validated through research, and provide a set of descriptors that can serve as a guideline for LEAs to evaluate the quality of their AT services. These indicators are broken down into eight areas that are important to the development and delivery of assistive technology services and include:
A set of self-assessment matrices have been developed as a companion piece to the Quality Indicators intent statements for each area. In most instances the Quality Indicators are also appropriate for the consideration of AT for students who qualify for services under other legislation (e.g. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, Americans with Disabilities Act).
Visit http://qiat.org for more information.
The following is a flowchart that may be used to guide IEP teams in checking “Yes” or “No” on the IEP regarding whether or not a child requires AT devices and services:
The following questions may help the IEP team through the process of reaching a “Yes” or “No” answer to the question: “Whether the child needs assistive technology devices and services.”
The following are important to note as teams are completing the assessment process:
The following is a flowchart for the AT Assessment Process and provides guiding information and resources for each step of the process.
AT Assessment is a process driven by identifying specific needs of the individual and matching an AT device and/or service to help that individual complete a task. AT assessment is not standardized, but should:
Visit www.joyzabala.com for more information.
Assistive technology can play an integral role in both the early childhood and post-high school transition processes. If it is determined that the AT used in early-intervention and or high school should transition with the youth, the entities involved (i.e. family, LEA,DRS, etc.) need to sign an Agreement for the Purchase/Sale or Statement Declining the Sale of AT Devices. See the Technical Assistance Guide for this form as well as additional information.
Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is a set of principles for designing curriculum that provides all individuals, including those with learning differences, equal opportunities to learn.
Visit http://cast.org for additional information.
Accessible Instructional Materials (AIM) are materials that are designed or converted in a way
that makes them usable across the widest range of student variability regardless of format (print, digital, graphic, audio, video). Students with vision impairments, physical disabilities, and/or print disabilities may need AIM in order to receive FAPE. Assistive Technology may be used and/or required to access AIM.
State AT Act Program that provides short-term equipment loans, demonstrations, training, and information and referral on assistive technology, as well as assistance obtaining accessible instructional materials (AIM), NIMAS files, and AIM-related technology
Located at the Oklahoma Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, the AIM Center provides AT as it relates to reading books in accessible digital and audio formats
Phone: 800.523.0288 or 405.521.3514
Contracts with Oklahoma ABLE Tech to provide an Assistive Technology and Information Services Program for Oklahoma schools
Provides no-cost school term loans of textbooks in accessible formats such as large print, braille, and digital on iPad, to print-disabled students served under an IEP/ISP
Phone: 800.920.3369 or 405.562.3996
Manages the special education due process hearing system and mediation for the State of Oklahoma
Phone: 918.270.1849 or 888.267.0028
The AT Technical Assistance Guide contains printables on: