Summary of Juvenile Justice Activities

Client services are delivered by four units: Juveniles Services Unit, Residential Services Unit, Secure Treatment Institutions, and Community-based Youth Services.


The Residential Services Unit determines the need for residential resources, the type of facilities, and number of beds required and the geographical area(s) of the state where the resource should be located after considering all pertinent data. Once a determination is made, the unit prepares a program description detailing the services to be provided, the characteristics of juveniles to be served, and a recommendation for the rate to be paid for the services.

Rates paid to contracted facilities or programs are determined by the Board of Juvenile Affairs, through its Rates and Standards Committee, based upon the "level of service" provided. Levels of service range from C to E based upon the intensity and complexity of program services offered and the threat to the public posed by the intended population of juveniles to be treated at the facility.


To develop, operate, or contract for the operation and maintenance of sufficient quality residential services designed to protect the public and address the individual needs of juveniles in the Agency's custody.


The statutory authority for the Residential Services Unit to complete its mission is found in Title 10, O.S., 7302-3.1, 7302-3.10, 7302-5.2, 7302-6.8, 7302-9.3, and 7304-1.3D.

The Residential Services Unit must ensure the Agency's residential facilities meet the American Correctional Association (ACA) Standards for Juvenile Community Residential Facilities, 3rd Edition.

Major Unit Responsibilities and Functions

The responsibilities of the Residential Services Unit (RSU) encompass two major area functions covering seven distinct program/operational areas. The two functions are Residential Program Operations, which covers the operation of four Agency group homes and an early intervention wilderness program, and Service Contracting, which covers all Agency contracts for residential treatment services, including group homes, specialized community homes, foster care, therapeutic foster care, diagnostic and evaluation services, sanctions, secure detention facilities, and supervised independent living programs. All residential programs are evaluated, monitored, and afforded consultation services through RSU.

Residential Program Operations

Group Homes and Lake Tenkiller Youth Camp

RSU operates four group homes: a seven-bed facility in Enid for males, a ten-bed facility in Lawton for males, and two eight-bed facilities in Tulsa, one for males and the other for females. Each of these homes focuses on assisting juveniles in obtaining an education or developing employment skills, or both, while focusing on the individual needs of each juvenile. RSU also operates the Lake Tenkiller Youth Camp in Cherokee County. It is a 12-bed facility for boys who rotate through the program every 60 days, accommodating 72 juveniles per year.

Service Contracting

Foss Lake Youth Residential Program

RSU contracts with Southwestern Oklahoma State University to provide a wilderness program for 12 delinquent boys at Foss Lake. It is a 12-bed facility for boys who rotate through the program every 60 days, accommodating 72 juveniles per year.

Levels of Care Contracts

RSU contracts with group homes to provide community residential care programs ranging from Level C to Level E. Level C programs are for juveniles who do not require 24-hour awake supervision. Levels D, D+, and E programs provide around-the-clock supervision. Educational services are provided at Level D+ and E programs, while Level D+ and E programs are considered staff-intense because of the higher staff-to-resident ratio required.

Diagnostic & Evaluation Center

Residential diagnostic and evaluation services are provided for juveniles in a staff-intensive program for a period not exceeding 20 days. The purpose is to evaluate juveniles, recommend a placement resource that will most benefit the juvenile, and ensure protection of the public.

Secure Detention and Sanctions

RSU develops and implements the State Plan for the establishment of juvenile detention services and contracts with local county governments for the provision of secure detention services. There were 11 detention centers located throughout Oklahoma at the end of FY '96. Sanction programs are short-term, three to seven days, high-impact and regimented, designed to address a juvenile's negative behavior before it causes a placement failure requiring removal and placement elsewhere.

Foster Care and Therapeutic Foster Care

RSU contracts with families in the local community to provide foster care where a juvenile can live in a family's home and be part of the family. Foster care provides an option for juveniles who need to learn to form healthy relationships with others, benefiting from the family environment but not posing a threat to public safety or requiring additional services to achieve treatment goals. Therapeutic foster care is contracted through other agencies authorized by the state to recruit, train, and license foster homes. The foster homes are designed for juveniles who require a home-like environment but also need access to additional treatment programs available in the community for the placement to be successful.

Specialized Community Homes(SCH) and Supervised Independent Living Programs(SILP)

Specialized community homes are designed to admit four to five juveniles into the homes of individuals. The homes assist juveniles in learning independent living skills and reintegrate them into the community. The supervised independent living program is designed to be as similar as possible to actual independent living, while providing the level of supervision required by the juvenile to make the actual transition to living independently, going to school and/or work, and paying rent and utility bills.

Major Initiatives and Accomplishments During FY '96

Pertinent Data

3,087 juveniles served in 198 secure detention beds

578 juveniles served in 12 sanction beds

108 juveniles served in 24 Wilderness program beds

42 juveniles served in 33 OJA-operated

256 juveniles served in 169 contracted levels of care group home beds

54 juveniles served in 38 specialized community homes

44 juveniles served in 40 therapeutic foster care homes

52 juveniles served in 91 traditional foster care beds

18 juveniles served in 16 supervised independent living beds


The Office of Juvenile Affairs operates three secure juvenile correctional institutions: Central Oklahoma Juvenile Center, Lloyd E. Rader Children's Center, and Southwest Oklahoma Juvenile Center. Although the mission and mandates of each are the same, the services provided at each facility to juvenile offenders are different. Each facility and its programs are described herein.


To provide the necessary quality care, supervision and control, education, and rehabilitative services to redirect delinquent offenders in the custody of the Agency toward becoming productive citizens.


The responsibilities and services of the Agency's institutions are authorized in 10 O.S., 7302-6.1 et seq. The institutions also are accredited by the American Correctional Association (ACA).

Central Oklahoma Juvenile Center

The Central Oklahoma Juvenile Center (COJC) is a 70-bed facility for males located in Tecumseh, Oklahoma. Programs treat both serious and habitual juvenile offenders and chronic property and less serious delinquent offenders. These programs are for adjudicated juvenile delinquents who have been placed in the custody of the Agency by an Oklahoma district court of competent jurisdiction.

Major Responsibilities and Functions

Central Oklahoma Juvenile Center has three separate programs to address the various needs of delinquent males in Oklahoma's juvenile justice system.

The medium secure program is a 32-bed, long-term correctional treatment program for serious and habitual delinquent offenders. It functions to protect the public, intervene in the delinquent lifestyle of juveniles, provide treatment, enable normal adolescent maturation, and prepare juveniles for reintegration into the home or community.

The Short-Term Accelerated Residential Tracking (New START) Program consists of 32 secure beds with a 90-day, regimented institutional residential program, followed by the granting of Administrative parole status by OJA and 90 days of intensive tracking upon return to the community. The program mainly services delinquent property offenders.

The Transitional Living Program (TLP) provides six beds in a highly structured, non-secure setting to acclimate those offenders nearly ready to return to society to the pressures and daily living requirements of community life and law abiding behavior.

Lloyd E. Rader Children's Center

The Lloyd E. Rader Children's Center is a 169-bed facility located in Sand Springs, Oklahoma.

Accreditation by the Commission on Accreditation for Corrections was initially achieved in the fall of 1988, January 1991, and January 1994, when compliance scores of 100 percent were achieved. The Rader Center was accredited for the fourth time in November 1993 and has continued compliance with all standards during the past fiscal year.

Major Responsibilities and Functions

The Rader Center is comprised of five distinct programs to address the various juvenile offender populations in Oklahoma's juvenile justice system.

The Diagnostic and Evaluation Program (D&E) assesses and evaluates juvenile offenders for assignment into programs and services that best fit their needs. Both males and females are eligible for these services.

The Intensive Treatment Program (ITP) is a 56-bed, long-term secure correctional treatment program which serves the most serious and dangerous juvenile offenders. Its programs are highly specialized and serve only male offenders.

The Rader Treatment Program (RTP) is a 75-bed, long-term secure correctional treatment program for delinquent offenders. Sixty-three beds are for males and 12 are for females.

The Short-Term Accelerated Residential Tracking (New START) Program consists of 32 secure beds with a 90-day regimented institutional residential program, followed by the granting of Administrative parole status by OJA and 90 days of intensive tracking upon return to the community. The program mainly serves delinquent property offenders.

The Transitional Living Program (TLP) provides six beds in a highly structured, non-secured setting to acclimate those offenders nearly ready to return to society to the pressures and daily living requirements of community life and law-abiding behavior.

Southwest Oklahoma Juvenile Center

The Southwest Oklahoma Juvenile Center (Manitou Center), located in Manitou, Oklahoma, is a 70-bed, medium secure facility for adolescents (62 males and eight females) who have committed delinquent offenses and been placed in the custody of the Office of Juvenile Affairs. The center will be operational early in FY '97.

Major Office Responsibilities and Functions

The Manitou Center will have three separate programs to provide treatment services to delinquent juveniles placed in Agency custody.

The medium secure program will be a 40-bed (32 for males and eight for females) program with a seven to nine-month targeted length of stay. It will function to protect the public by intervening in the delinquent lifestyles of juveniles, providing appropriate treatment for specific problems, enabling normal adolescent maturation, and preparing juveniles for reintegration into their homes and communities.

The Bethesda program will be a 24-bed program for males with a six to nine-month targeted length of stay. It will be based on a nationally recognized Pennsylvania program model, which can be described as a modified day treatment model using behavioral norms instead of rules to effect changes in the juveniles' behavior.

The Transitional Living Program (TLP) will be a six-bed, co-educational program with a 60-day targeted length of stay. It will be highly structured and non-secure to acclimate those offenders nearly ready to return to society to the pressures and daily living requirements of community life and law abiding behavior.


The Community-Based Youth Services Unit administers and manages the Agency's contracting process with designated "Youth Services Agencies." "Youth Services Agencies" develop, implement, and operate community-based delinquency prevention, diversion, and treatment programs.


To ensure contracted services are accessible and meet the needs of children, adolescents, and families in their local communities.


The Community-Based Youth Services Unit is authorized under O.S. Title 10, 7302-3.2, -3.5 and -3.6 to enter into agreements for the establishment and management of community-based delinquency prevention, diversionary, and treatment youth services programs.

Major Unit Responsibilities and Functions

The Community-Based Youth Services Unit (CBYSU) enters into service agreements with designated "Youth Service Agencies" to assure the establishment and maintenance of locally governed services of emergency shelter, diagnosis, crisis intervention, counseling (individual and group), case supervision, job placement, first time offender program, recruitment and training of volunteers, consultation, brokerage of services, and agency coordination.


The Juvenile Services Unit provides intake, probation, and parole services to juveniles in all 77 counties of the state. Services provided to juvenile offenders are always balanced with public safety to ensure the public is protected. Contracted service programs, along with the Agency's programs and public and private initiatives, assist the local staff (Juvenile Justice Specialists) in developing an Individualized Service Plan for each juvenile and family and selecting from a full continuum of services to encourage and enhance positive, law-abiding behavior.

In addition to providing direct supervision of juveniles throughout the state, Juvenile Justice Specialists are responsible for the daily monitoring of all contracted services and programs available to youth. This activity is carried out either by assignment as a liaison to a program or facility or by virtue of having frequent direct contact with service providers in the course of working with juveniles. Juvenile Justice Specialists are the first to identify problems with service providers and attempt to rectify them at the local level.

Additionally, the Juvenile Services Unit staff work closely with the district courts in all areas and are accepted as expert witnesses when testifying before the courts on juvenile matters.


To provide quality and effective services and supervision to the juveniles of Oklahoma, prevent and deter delinquency, and protect the public from the actions of juvenile offenders.


Title 10, 7302-3.1, eff. July 1, 1995, provides the Office of Juvenile Affairs, through its Department of Juvenile Justice, the statutory authority to provide intake, probation, and parole services in every county in Oklahoma, except those counties with duly constituted juvenile bureaus. The Juvenile Services Unit must also be accredited by the American Correctional Association (ACA) Standards for Juvenile Probation and Aftercare Services.

Major Unit Responsibilities and Functions

The major responsibilities of the Juvenile Services Unit (JSU) fall under three broad categories of services encompassing five major functions. The three categories are Supervision and Accountability, which concerns itself with applying swift and appropriate consequences to juveniles not complying with conditions of probation or court-ordered supervised community placement, parole, or the terms of the Individual Service Plan (ISP); Placement Services, which concerns itself with placing juveniles in accordance with statutory requirements, policy, and guidelines, where their treatment needs can best be met as close to home as possible, and providing for adequate protection of the public; and Resource Development and Monitoring, which aims at ensuring there are resources and treatment programs available locally to meet the needs of juveniles under supervision on a daily basis and advocating for the Agency through the day-to-day on-site monitoring of contracted programs and placements.

Supervision and Accountability

Intake, Probation, Custody, and Parole Services

The intake referral process is designed to gather information about juveniles and the family and make recommendations to the district attorney as to the most appropriate programs for and disposition of the juvenile's referral. JSU provides court requested or ordered supervision services to juveniles and the family. Juveniles placed in the Agency's custody receive rehabilitative services and programs based on their needs. JSU provides supervision services to juvenile on parole status, after a thorough assessment based on the treatment needs of the juvenile.

Restitution, Tracking, Sanctions, and Detention Alternative Services

These four services together provide the local Juvenile Justice Specialist the means to provide consequences and instill a sense of responsibility in juveniles. Restitution, either monetary or through community service work, helps some juveniles realize that their delinquent actions are taken very personally by their victims. Tracking provides for several levels of daily surveillance of juveniles not adhering to the rules and conditions of their service plans or to rules of probation or parole. Use of tracking provides a consequence for the juvenile and affords additional protection for the public as well as the juvenile. Sanctions is a highly regimented, short-term program, three, five or seven days, where juveniles can be placed to "get their attention" when other less intrusive means are unsuccessful. Attendant Care, Home Bound Detention, and Shelter Homes are used in lieu of secure detention or as a step-down program for an eligible juvenile who requires limited/restricted mobility.

Placement Services

Placement Office and Interstate Compact on Juveniles

The Placement Office authorizes and coordinates the placement of custody juveniles in resources above the foster care level. Staff are responsible for making appropriate decisions to meet the individual treatment needs of the juvenile, while providing for protection of the public.

Interstate Compact on Juveniles (ICJ) coordinates the movement of juveniles between Oklahoma and other states, provides for the return, from one state to another, of delinquent juveniles who have escaped or absconded, and provides for the return of non-delinquent juveniles who have run away from home.

Resource Development and Monitoring

Delinquency Prevention, Early Intervention, and Community Resource Development

JSU staff develop and assess community resources to effectively refer juveniles to local resources that will best serve the juveniles' needs. Resource development involves working with employers, schools, youth services, families, local law enforcement, and community coalitions and groups. The purpose is to have as many coordinated local services networks and community groups as needed, so the community can effectively resolve community issues. This approach pulls communities together to solve local issues and maintain the flexibility needed to respond quickly, with government providing a support role rather than dictating what a community needs. Delinquency prevention programs place funds at the local level and encourage and assist local citizens to devise early intervention and gang deterrence strategies for juveniles in their communities.

Oklahoma's Children Initiative and Military Mentoring

Eleven Oklahoma Children's Initiatives (OCI) contracts provide for community-based services to juveniles in all counties. These services are designed either to prevent a juvenile from being removed from home or to assist with reintegration into the home and community after having been removed. An array of services are provided from home-based care through reintegration. The Oklahoma Military Department, through the Oklahoma National Guard, provides mentoring services for agency juveniles. Mentoring provides a positive role model for juveniles.

Pertinent Data

Intakes, Probation and Parole

Interstate Compact on Juveniles

Military Mentoring

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Last Updated September 1, 1998 by Jeff Hoogendoorn, OJA Computer Services Analyst