Indigent Defense System











A.M. v. State, COCA Case No. J-2010-788 (January 19, 2011)
(Youthful Offender; Sentence, Abuse of Discretion) Trial court abused its discretion in ordering sentencing as adult. Findings were that defendant could complete rehabilitation plan and public could be protected. Reversed for sentencing as a Youthful Offender if convicted.

A.B.H. v. State, COCA Case No. J-2002-247 (June 5, 2002)
(State did not meet its burden of showing the public would not be adequately protected if Appellant were sentenced as a Youthful Offender. Trial court's order treating Appellant as adult reversed and remanded.)

Blackwell, Mario Lereko v. State, COCA Case No. RE-2014-96 (June 2, 2015)
(Sentence, Excessive; Revocation/Acceleration Decisions; Youthful Offender) Credit toward an adult sentence for time served as a Youthful Offender in OJA custody is mandatory. Remanded to determine amount of time to be credited day for day.

Carpenter, Jeffrey Leroy v. State, COCA Case No. RE-2006-1322 (March 18, 2008)
(Youthful Offender; Sentence, Excessive) Appellant charged as a Youthful Offender but sentenced as an adult. Failure to sentence as a Youthful Offender was plain error and constituted an illegal sentence. Remanded with instructions to vacate because defendant was too old to be treated in the Youthful Offender programs and because jeopardy had attached.

C.E.B. v. State, COCA Case No. J-2014-108 (May 14, 2014)
(Youthful Offender; Abuse of Discretion) Bridging to DOC after successful completion of YO rehab program was an abuse of discretion.

C.J. v. State, COCA Case No. J-2004-1117 (March 2, 2005)
(Youthful Offender; Information, Defective) Defendant improperly charged in Amended Information as an Adult for three counts of Assault/ Shooting with Intent to Kill. Bind over order reversed with instructions to modify to show that defendant is to be tried as a Youthful Offender.

D.H.D. v. State, COCA Case No. J-2004-305 (June 23, 2004)
(Youthful Offender) Appellant met his burden to overcome presumption that he should be treated as adult and to prove he should be certified as a Youthful Offender in 1st Degree Murder case.

D.N.H. v. State, COCA Case No. J-2005-1078 (January 26, 2006)  (Youthful Offender) Motion to sentence defendant as an adult was not heard before trial began, as required by statute. Remanded with instructions that defendant be sentenced as a youthful offender

E.A.F. v. State, COCA Case No. J-2015-353 (August 27, 2015)
(Youthful Offender) Trial court failed to act as a neutral a arbiter when it re-opened the case after both parties rested and directing presentation of evidence. Reversed for a new hearing before a different judge.

J.C.T. v. State, COCA Case No. J-2013-87 (November 22, 2013)
(Youthful Offender; Excessive Sentence) Youthful offender guilty plea received 12 year suspended sentence if did not complete treatment program. After new charges, defendant bridged to DOC for 12 years. Appeal argued that sentence should have remained suspended pending further charges. Sentence modified to suspended.

J. F. v. State, J-1999-105, (Oct. 1, 1999)
(Juvenile Adjudication, Accomplice Corroboration, accomplices may not be used to corroborate each other)

J.F.M. v. State, COCA Case No. J-2005-549 (September 2, 2005)
(Youthful Offender; Ineffective Assistance of Counsel) Counsel representing 14-year-old for first degree murder rendered ineffective assistance of counsel for failing to have an expert prepared to assist in meeting the juvenile’s burden of proof of amenability for treatment as Youthful Offender. Reversed for new hearing.

J. F. v. State, J-1999-105, (Oct. 1, 1999)

L.M.P. v. State, COCA Case No. J-2008-02 (May 6, 2008)
(Youthful Offender) Trial court erred in ordering youth to stand trial as adult for Murder I; she demonstrated by preponderance of evidence at trial court that she should be treated as a youthful offender.

M. C. E. v. State, J-1998-1194, (July 16, 1999)

State v. M.H., COCA Case No. J-2008-800 (January 16, 2009)
(Youthful Offender) State failed to rebut evidence that Defendant should receive treatment as a Youthful Offender

S.H. v. State, COCA Case No. J-2005-542 (October 25, 2005)
(Youthful Offender) State failed to present clear and convincing evidence that Appellant would not reasonably complete the plan of rehabilitation or the public would not be protected if the accused were to be sentenced as a youthful offender. Order for Defendant to stand trial as adult reversed.

Tillman, Tashiro Rudy v. State, COCA Case No. F-2001-465 (June 4, 2002)
(Youthful Offender. Record does not reflect Appellant effected a knowing waiver of his statutory right to be sentenced under the Youthful Offender Act. Conviction for possession of CDS AFC vacated for resentencing.)

Webb, Jason Lee v. State, COCA Case No. RE-2010-10 (April 5, 2011)
(Revocation/Acceleration Decisions; Sentence, Excessive; Youthful Offender) Based on State’s agreement that sentence must be modified because revocation of five years failed to take into consideration the three years and twenty-one days previously served as a Youthful Offender; thus only four years and forty-four days could be revoked.