State government offers two types of job opportunities:
Classified positions are subject to the Merit System of Personnel Administration. Approximately 70 percent of the State of Oklahoma's 34,000 employees serve in classified positions, which are filled based on ability as demonstrated through competitive examinations or other competitive scoring methods.
To help state agency hiring managers attract diverse candidates, the Merit System includes the following outreach recruitment programs:
The Optional Program for Hiring Applicants with Disabilities exempts disabled persons from the examination requirement.
The Special Disabled Veterans Employment Act gives disabled vets the same opportunity along with additional preference points.
Some classified job openings are only available as internal promotional opportunities to current, permanent classified employees or former employees eligible for reinstatement.
Unclassified positions are not subject to the Merit System. The remaining third of state employees serve in unclassified roles, which are filled based on background and experience as presented in resumes and during interviews. Practices may vary from one agency to another.
The State of Oklahoma offers other unclassified opportunities:
The Carl Albert Public Internship Program provides paid internships for both graduate and undergraduate students. Undergraduates are employed as unclassified temporaries for one or two academic semesters or 999 hours. Executive Fellows (graduates) may intern in unclassified positions for up to two years. Students who successfully complete the two-year program are eligible for appointment to a permanent classified or unclassified position.
The State Work Incentive Program permits agency managers to hire participants in the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) service as unclassified employees. Employees who complete two years of continuous participation in the Incentive Program are eligible for appointment to permanent classified status.