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Oklahoma City Bombing

In April 1995, bombings and terrorist activity had little effect on the daily lives of American people. Americans lived with the illusion that terrorists operated in other countries and bombs only exploded in faraway cities -- never at home. On April 19, 1995, that illusion was replaced by a terrible reality when a fellow American, with the help of others, used a truck bomb to attack his countrymen working at or visiting the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City.

In the days, weeks, and months following the bombing, numerous public agencies, private businesses and organizations pulled together to help the injured and grieving populace, catch the perpetrators, assess the damage, and analyze the event to learn how such events could be prevented.

The Commissioner of Health designated physical injuries and other health-related conditions associated with the bombing a reportable condition for special study. The Injury Prevention Service of the Oklahoma State Department of Health conducted the study and compiled a registry that included information for 1,259 injured and uninjured persons who were directly exposed to the bombing. The purpose of the study was to assess the extent of fatal and nonfatal injuries, disabilities, and costs associated with the bombing. Additionally, from 1996 to 1998, the Injury Prevention Service contacted survivors to collect further information on the causes of bombing injuries, long-term health problems, and medical costs associated with the bombing.

Clinical Guidelines for Adults Exposed to the
World Trade Center Disaster

This publication from the New York City Department of Health & Mental Hygiene suggests how clinicians can take a brief exposure history and describes common health problems that could be caused or exacerbated by exposure to the disaster. It offers algorithms to evaluate and care for exposed individuals, and provides brief tools to assess and treat physical and mental health disorders.

Related Sites

Oklahoma City National Memorial and Museum

National Park Service, Oklahoma City National Memorial

Creating a State of Health Logo