Firearm Injuries in Oklahoma
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- On average at least one person dies every day from firearm injury in Oklahoma.
- An average of 473 Oklahomans die each year from firearm-related injuries.
- The rate of death due to firearms in Oklahoma was 29% higher than the U.S. rate during 2004-2007.
- Firearm injuries are the third leading cause of injury death in Oklahoma behind motor vehicle crashes and unintentional poisoning.
- Firearms account for 1 out of every 6 injury deaths among Oklahomans.
- More than half of Oklahoma households own a functional firearm.
- Research indicates that for each firearm incident of self-protection in the home, there are 1.3 unintentional deaths, 4.6 homicides, and 37 suicides.
- It is 12 times more likely that a firearm in the home will be used to kill a family member or acquaintance rather than a stranger.
- From 2004 to 2008:
- Handguns were used in the majority of firearm deaths.
- An average of 314 Oklahomans committed suicide with firearms each year.
- 60% of all suicides were committed using a firearm.
- The firearm-related suicide rate among whites was more than two times higher than the rate among blacks and 1.4 times higher than the rate among Native Americans.
- 28% of suicide victims expressed their intent to commit suicide before it occurred.
- An average of 130 firearm-related homicides occurred each year in Oklahoma.
- 61% of all homicides were committed using a firearm.
- The firearm-related homicide rate among blacks was more than 8 times higher than the rate among whites, and more than 4 times higher than the rate among Native Americans.
- An average of 10 Oklahomans died each year due to unintentional firearm injuries.
- Young males 5-24 years of age were at highest risk of unintentional firearm death.
- Firearms should be kept in a locked place and bullets locked up in a separate place from the firearms.
- Use trigger locks, load indicators, and other safety devices.
- All gun owners should take a firearm safety course.
- Assure that children and unauthorized persons cannot gain access to guns.
- If persons are depressed or have expressed their intent to commit suicide, remove firearms from the environment to restrict access to lethal means.
Injury Prevention Service, OSDH, 1000 NE 10th Street, Oklahoma City, OK 73117
Revised August 2011
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