Fall Prevention for Older Adults
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- From 2004-2008, falls were the leading cause of nonfatal injuries in every age group except young adults ages 15-24 and were the leading cause of fatal injury among adults 65 and older in the U.S.
- Risk of falls increases steadily after 65 years; persons 85 and older have the highest injury rate.
- Risk factors for falls include poor physical health or fitness, medications side effects, uneven walking surfaces, obstacles in and around the home, lack of stair rails, unstable elevated work areas, walking on ice and fear of falling.
Preventing Falls and Injuries
Physical Health and Fitness
- Stay active by walking and exercising as appropriate; avoid obesity.
- To improve balance, get your ears and eyes checked regularly, do physical therapy to improve balance while standing or walking, use a cane or walker and monitor your blood pressure.
- Take your time while doing tasks (e.g., use caution when getting up from a sitting or lying position, get your balance before walking).
- Have your eyes examined each year and replace glasses as needed.
- Talk to your doctor/pharmacist about medications that may cause dizziness, nausea, or tiredness.
- Avoid alcohol and drug use.
Avoiding Hazards in the Home
- Make sure every room is well lit.
- Floors should be free of obstacles and have even, non-slip surfaces.
- Remove small carpets and electrical cords from the floor.
- Staircases should be well lit, in good repair, have a rail and be free of clutter.
- Put frequently used items on shelves that can be reached easily without using a step stool.
- Keep a telephone and any walking aids within easy reach.
- Bathtubs or shower stalls should have non-slip mats and grab bars. Use a bath bench if you have difficulty climbing in or out of the bathtub.
- Install a toilet that has a higher seat and safety rails.
Avoiding Hazards Outside the Home
- Keep steps in good repair and install handrails.
- Keep sidewalks clear and in good repair.
- Keep the yard even and free of hoses, gardening materials and sporting equipment.
- Organize garages and tool sheds to be easily accessible and clear of obstacles or debris.
- Keep ice and snow clearing equipment on hand, but don’t go out on the ice unless absolutely necessary. Wear appropriate footgear and carry a cell phone when walking in inclement weather.
- When shopping, attending church, or visiting other homes, use the same safety habits you use at home: wear appropriate shoes, hold onto rails, use caution while walking and climbing stairs and avoid icy or slippery surfaces.
Injury Prevention Service, OSDH, 1000 NE 10th Street, Oklahoma City, OK 73117
Revised August 2011
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