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Access & Functional Needs Populations
When preparing for disasters it is important to identify and assist populations that may have additional needs. These populations have been termed “Special Needs”, "Vulnerable", or “At-Risk”. For our purposes, we refer to these populations as “Functional Needs” Populations.
The Oklahoma State Department of Health is committed to working with state, local, county, profit and non-profit agencies to assist and provide guidance in emergency response for “Functional Needs” Populations. This includes planning and identifying partners and resources for Assistance in Daily Living activities (ADL’s), mobility equipment, communication devices and language interpreters (including American Sign Language). In addition, a Task Force has been developed to bridge the gap between the “Functional Needs” communities and emergency planning communities. The Task Force developed a guidance and resource template to help local emergency planners, specifically Emergency Support Function (ESF) #6 - Mass Care, Housing and Human Services Annex partners, prepare for populations with functional needs.
Preparing Makes Sense for People with Disabilities and Other Access and Functional Needs
Winter Weather Preparedness for People with Disabilities
Now is the time to prepare for winter weather.
People with disabilities may need to take additional precautions in order to be ready for expected and unexpected winter weather events. First, get a kit. Make sure your kit includes warm clothing, blankets, food, water, a flashlight, and small shovel, salt or sand, and additional blankets and supplies for service animals and pets. Try to obtain an emergency supply of medications and medical supplies in case travel becomes hazardous.
Remember that cold weather can stress respiratory and circulatory systems, making it more difficult to travel or complete tasks that require physical exertion.
Additional winter weather tips for people with disabilities:
Fairfax County, VA: People with Disabilities-Winter Preparedness Tips: http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/emergency/prepare/winter/winter-people-with-disabilities.htm
NDAD Blog – Winter Weather and People with Disabilities: http://ndad.areavoices.com/2012/10/04/winter-weather-checklist-provides-planning-guide-for-people-with-disabilities-health-challenges/
Ready.gov Winter Stores and Extreme Cold Preparedness Tips: http://www.ready.gov/winter-weather
Centers for Disease control and prevention: Extreme Cold: A Prevention Guide to Promote your Personal Health and Safety: http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/winter/guide.asp
Family Emergency Preparedness Plan Workbook Acronyms Translation - Spanish (PDF)
Functional Needs Populations & Emergency Preparedness Education: Questions & Answers (PDF)
Poblaciones con Necesidades Funcionales & Educación de Preparación en Caso de Emergencias: Preguntas & Respuestas (PDF)
Emergency Preparedness Guide For People Who Are Blind or Have Low Vision (PDF)
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention-Public Health Workbook: To Define, Locate, and Reach Special, Vulnerable, and At-risk Populations in an Emergency: http://www.bt.cdc.gov/workbook/pdf/ph workbookFINAL.pdf
Listo.gov: Prepare un Equipo: http://www.listo.gov/america/getakit/index.html
CDC's Keep It With You (KIWY) Personal Medication Information Sheet - English: http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/pdf/kiwy.pdf
Keep It With You (KIWY)-Mantenga con Usted (Forma de Información Médica Personal) - Spanish (PDF)
For Senior Citizens: http://www.fema.gov/medialibrary/media_records/7050
For Pet Owners: http://www.fema.gov/medialibrary/media_records/7048
For Native American Nations and/or Tribes: http://www.fema.gov/medialibrary/media_records/7051
For Military Families: http://www.fema.gov/medialibrary/media_records/7049
For People with Disabilities and other Access and Functional Needs: http://test.fema.gov/medialibrary/media_records/7028
ADA Best Practices Tool Kit for State and Local Governments: Chapter 7
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