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Mumps

Mumps is a reportable disease in Oklahoma. Mumps is an infection caused by the mumps virus. Symptoms of mumps include swelling on one or both sides of the face, tenderness of the salivary glands (the cheek and jaw area), slight fever, headache, general aches, and muscle pain. The parotid salivary glands (located within the cheek, near the jaw line and below the ears) are most frequently affected. Swelling of the testicles (orchitis) occurs in 20 to 30 percent of males if infection occurs after puberty. However, sterility is rare. About one of every ten children who have mumps may experience meningitis (an inflammation of the covering of the brain and spinal cord). Mumps can rarely cause inflammation of the brain itself, known as encephalitis. Mumps infection during the first three months of pregnancy may be linked to miscarriage.

The mumps virus multiplies in the upper respiratory tract and spreads from person-to-person by coughing, sneezing, or by direct contract with nose and throat secretions. Infected individuals can transmit the virus two days before symptoms appear and up to four days after symptoms begin. Symptoms of mumps occur 14 to 25 days after exposure, but usually begin within 16 to 18 days.

Prior to the successful reduction of mumps through vaccination programs, it was a common childhood disease. Mumps occurs more often among infants, children and young adults, but can affect a person of any age that had not had the disease or receive the mumps vaccine. Immunity is usually permanent. Mumps vaccine, which is contained in the MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine, is recommended to be given on or after a child’s first birthday, and a second dose at four to six years of age.

Maintaining the highest possible level of immunization in the community can prevent mumps. Person who may have been exposed should have their immunization status evaluated, watch for signs and symptoms, and seek medical attention as soon as symptoms suggestive of mumps begin. Persons with mumps should stay home from childcare, school, or work to prevent person-to-person spread for a total of five days beginning on the first day of illness onset and lasting until four days after the symptoms begin.

Mumps Fact Sheets and Information:

Mumps Fact Sheet (39k.pdf) 
  Mumps Hoja Informativa (41k.pdf)

Mumps Surveillance Data and Statistics:

Mumps 2007 Surveillance Summary Data (14k.pdf)
 

External Mumps Resources:

Mumps (CDC)
MMR Vaccine (CDC)
Traveler’s Health: Mumps (CDC)
Measles, Mumps, Rubella Vaccine Information Statement (CDC) 
Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Varicella Vaccine Information Statement (CDC) 
Measles, Mumps, Rubella Vaccine Information Statement – Other Languages (CDC)
Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Varicella Vaccine Information Statement - Other Languages (CDC)


 

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