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Measles

Measles is a reportable disease in Oklahoma.  Measles is a highly infectious disease caused by the measles virus.  Measles is also known as rubeola, seven-day measles, hard measles, or old-fashioned measles.  The last confirmed case of measles in Oklahoma occurred in 1997.  The last epidemic in the United States was in 1964-65.

Symptoms of measles include a high fever and a red blotchy rash starting on the face then spreading to the rest of the body.  Symptoms begin to appear about 10 to 12 days after exposure to the virus.  Individuals first experience a fever lasting about two to four days then followed by the onset of cough, runny nose, and/or conjunctivitis.  The rash usually appears about 14 days after exposure and lasts four to seven days.  It begins at the hairline, and then involves the face and upper neck.  Over the next three days, the rash gradually proceeds downward and outward, reaching the hands and feet.  Symptoms may last for one to two weeks.  There is no treatment for measles; however, health care providers may treat the symptoms of measles with bed rest, plenty of fluids, and anti-fever medications.

Measles is a highly contagious rash disease that is spread from person-to-person by airborne droplets, commonly from a contagious person coughing or sneezing, by direct contact with nasal or throat secretions of infected persons, or through touching surfaces contaminated with these secretions.  Infected people can spread the disease usually four days before their rash starts to four days after rash onset.

Measles can be prevented with the measles vaccine (usually given in combination with rubella and mumps vaccines, called MMR vaccine), and is recommended for all children at 12 to 15 months of age and again at four to six years of age.  If a person has not received a second dose of the vaccine between four to six years of age, it may be given at any age thereafter.  The two doses of vaccine normally provide lifelong immunity.

Measles Fact Sheets and Information:

Measles Fact Sheet (91k.pdf)
     Hoja Informativa Sarampión (Rubéola) (119k.pdf)

External Measles Resources:

Measles (CDC)
MMR Vaccine (CDC)
Traveler’s Health: Measles (CDC)
Measles, Mumps, Rubella Vaccine Information Statement (CDC) 
Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Varicella Vaccine Information Statement (CDC) 
Measles, Mumps, Rubella Vaccine Information Statement – Other Languages (CDC)
Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Varicella Vaccine Information Statement - Other Languages (CDC)

 

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