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Influenza A H3N2 variant (H3N2v)
H3N2v is a non-human influenza virus that normally circulates in pigs and that can infect humans. Viruses that normally circulate in pigs are “swine influenza viruses.” When these viruses infect humans, they are termed “variant” viruses. In 2011, a specific H3N2 virus was detected with genes from avian, swine and human influenza viruses and the 2009 H1N1 pandemic virus M gene. The virus was circulating in pigs in 2010 and was first detected in people in 2011 when 12 human illnesses were identified in 5 states. During 2012, there were 309 cases of H3N2v infection across 12 states. During 2013, there were 19 cases in 5 states. So far in 2014, there have been 3 cases in 2 states. These infections have mostly been associated with prolonged exposure to pigs at agricultural fairs. Limited person-to-person spread has been detected in the past, but no sustained or community spread of H3N2v has been identified at this time. Local, state and national public health officials continue to monitor the situation closely.
For a list of cases identified in the United States, refer to the case count table, located on the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) web page.
Updated reports on the national H3N2v situation can be found on CDC’s Influenza A (H3N2) Variant Virus web page.
How can a person catch the flu from a pig?
H3N2v virus is spread from infected pigs to humans in the same way that seasonal influenza (flu) viruses spread between people. Mainly, the spread of flu happens when droplets infected with flu - spread through the air after an infected pig coughs or sneezes - land in your nose or mouth, or when the droplets are inhaled. You might also get the flu by touching something that has flu virus on it and then touching your own eyes, nose, or mouth. A third way to possibly get the flu is to breath in dust containing flu virus.
What are the symptoms of H3N2v?
The symptoms and severity of H3N2v illness have been similar to seasonal flu, including fever, cough, runny nose, and possibly other symptoms, such as body aches, vomiting, or diarrhea.
People who are considered at high risk for developing flu-related complications are the following: Children less than five years of age (especially children less than two years of age), adults 65 years of age and older, pregnant women, and people with certain chronic medical conditions like asthma, diabetes, heart disease, weakened immune systems, and neurological conditions. If you develop flu symptoms after having direct or close contact with swine, contact your doctor and tell them your symptoms and about your contact with pigs.
Actions You Can Take to Prevent the Spread of Flu Between People:
The Oklahoma State Department of Health recommends you take everyday preventive actions to reduce the risk of infection and spread of flu viruses between people, including H3N2v, such as:
Actions You Can Take to Prevent the Spread of Flu between Pigs and People:
The Oklahoma State Department of Health recommends you take the following preventive actions to reduce the risk of infection with flu virus from pigs, including H3N2v, such as:
OSDH H3N2v Resources:
External H3N2v Resources:
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