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Influenza and Respiratory Virus Information and Prevention

Influenza, "the flu", is caused by a virus that affects the nose, throat, airways, and lungs.  Influenza A or B may circulate in the United States during late fall and winter.  An important way to prevent influenza is to get the influenza vaccine.  The 2008-2009 influenza vaccine protects against the influenza A (H3N2) Brisbane/10-like virus, the influenza A (H1N1) Brisbane/59-like virus and the influenza B Florida-like virus. Vaccination with the nasal-spray flu vaccine may be given to healthy persons aged 2-49 years who are not pregnant.  For more information on where you can get your influenza vaccine, please visit the Flu Clinic Locator or you may contact your local county health department.

Other actions you can take to reduce the spread of viral respiratory illness include using good hand hygiene, such as using an alcohol-based hand gel if hands are not visibly soiled and using proper cough etiquette such as covering your cough.  Listed below are resources and educational materials that you may distribute throughout your community.

Influenza Fact Sheets and Information
The Flu Fact Sheet  

 The Flu Hoja Informativa
Don't Let the Flu Get You 
 Don't Let the Flu Get You Hoja Informativa
Pandemic Influenza Page
Avian Influenza Page
Bird Flu Facts
2007 Oklahoma State Pandemic Management Plan
Oklahoma Pandemic Flu Management Fact Sheet

Respiratory Virus Fact Sheets and Information
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)  

Pneumococcal Disease

Respiratory Virus Prevention Information
Cover Your Cough  

 Cover Your Cough Hoja Informativa
Hand Hygeine
Infection Control Guidelines to Prevent Influenza Transmission

Personal Steps to Preventing the Flu

External Influenza and Respiratory Virus Resources
American Lung Association

CDC Educational Information
CDC Flu Prevention

CDC Flu eHealth

--For vaccine information, please visit our Vaccination Page

Is it the Cold or Flu?

Symptoms Cold Flu
Fever Rare Usual; high (100 F to 102 F occasionally higher, especially in younger children); last 3 to 4 days
Headache Rare Common
General Aches, Pains Slight Usual; often severe
Fatigue, Weakness Sometimes Usual; can last up to 2 to 3 weeks
Extreme Exhaustion Never Usual; at the beginning of the illness
Stuffy Nose Common Sometimes
Sneezing Usual Sometimes
Chest Discomfort, Cough Mild to moderate; hacking cough Common; can become severe
Treatment Antihistamines
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines
Antiviral medicines-see your doctor
Prevention Use good hand hygiene
Avoid close contact with anyone with a cold
Cover your cough
Annual vaccination
Use good hand hygiene
Avoid close contact to anyone with the flu
Cover your cough
Antiviral medicines-see your doctor
Complication Sinus congestion
Middle ear infection
Pneumonia-can be life threatening



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