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Laws Related to EIT
Laws and Guidelines Related to Accessible Programs and Services
Oklahoma's legislation - HB 2197 April 2004
Rehabilitation Act, Section 504 (1973)
Americans With Disabilities Act (1990) The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 requires that U.S. programs and services be accessible to individuals with disabilities. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12131) prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability by public accommodations and requires places of public accommodation and commercial facilities to be designed, constructed, and altered in compliance with the accessibility standards. Title II of the ADA extends this prohibition of discrimination to include all services, programs, and activities provided or made available by State and local governments or any of their instrumentalities or agencies, regardless of the receipt of Federal financial assistance. http://www.usdoj.gov/crt/ada/pubs/ada.txt
A 1996 Department of Justice ruling makes it clear that ADA accessibility requirements apply to Internet resources.
Rehabilitation Act, Section 508, As Amended In 1998
In 2001 the U.S. Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board) developed standards to which Web pages of federal agencies must comply (http://www.access-board.gov/sec508/508standards.htm).
The Technology Related Assistance for Individuals Act requires that the state agencies of states that accept funding under this Act comply with Section 508. The list of guidelines for accessibility provides a good model even for organizations who are not required to comply.
Implications of Section 508 for Higher Education
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) develops the common protocols used on the Web to insure interoperability to promote universal access (http://www.w3.org/WAI/). The W3C's Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) has proposed guidelines for all Web authors. As Tim Berners-Lee, Director of the W3C puts it: "The power of the Web is in its universality. Access by everyone regardless of disability is an essential aspect."
State of Oklahoma
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